Charges of assault and battery in Oklahoma come in a lot of shapes and sizes, and so do legal defenses against those charges.

What and who?

The most obvious defense for assault and battery might be that whatever is supposed to have happened didn’t happen at all.

The incident in question often doesn’t fit the definition of assault and battery. In Oklahoma, roughly speaking, assault is intentionally trying to do violence to someone and battery is succeeding.

If you didn’t mean to do it or the details are not what they seem (for example, the “punch didn’t connect”), the charges might be dropped or reduced.

Accusations are sometimes false and evidence such as injuries sometimes have some other cause.

In mistaken identity, for example, the crime may have happened and somebody may have committed it, but you’re being confused with someone else.

Why?

For some reason, friends sometimes ask friends to hit them. People can consent to things that, either at the time or afterward, look like assault and battery. Consent might void or reduce your charges, but remember that permission for something isn’t permission for anything.

When they’re under an immediate threat of harm, everyone has a right to defend themselves and others. Self-defense can be a legal defense.

In fact, Oklahoma is a stand-your-ground state with no “duty to retreat.” If you have a reasonable belief that you need to use force to prevent serious harm to yourself or prevent a “forcible felony,” standing your ground might be a defense.

The stand-your-ground law also accepts the Castle Doctrine and gives Oklahomans similar rights if an invasion of their home or certain other locations are involved.

While Oklahoma laws permit self-defense arguments in more cases than in some other states, they should be seen as granting a “license to kill.”

A legal expert such as an experienced attorney may be needed to help you know if and how you can invoke these laws as a valid defense.